Embryonic stem cells and Adult stem cells - Conclusion Research

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are "thought to have more disease-treating potential than similar cells found in adults," says Clemmitt. However, Bush and other Christian conservative advocates argue that "morality forbids destroying additional embryos, regardless of the cells' treatment-producting potential," whereas supporters of ESC research voice that the "cells' life-saving potential outweighs qualms over destruction of IVF (in vitro fertilization) embryos, most of which eventually will be discarded." Some support the idea of stem cell research but are more willing to ratify the testing of adult stem cells (ASCs), which are found in infants' umbilical cord blood "as well as throughout the bodies of all humans beyond the blastocyst stage" (one of the very first stages in embryonic development).

Some ASC-based treatments have been established, but the cells are very difficult to work with, therefore not nearly as effective in scientific research as cells derived from human embryos. The issue regarding stem cell research is relevant in today's world because millions in the nation suffer from debilitating diseases, and the promising discovery of the potential of ESCs made in 1998 proves very hopeful for those people who must suffer daily.

As Clemmitt states in her article: "State and national governments are drawn to ESCs both by medical promise and as a way to bolster their economies through biotech industry development." These are only a few out of the many reasons why the United States should put fewer restrictions on ESCs.

Accordingly, embryonic stem cell research should be made less restricted in the United States and federal funds should support the cause because scientists theorize that embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are much easier to work with than adult stem cells (ASCs). However, supporters of ASC research and usage, such as David Prentice, argue that ASCs "hold more promise for helping patients with diseases and injuries" than ESCs. Prentice goes on to elaborate: "Their (ASCs') normal function is repair, and we're seeing more and more examples of their utility." Regardless, adult stem cells have been found to be extremely difficult to work with and hardly as effective as cells from human embryos. ESCs have the capability of evolving into virtually every type of tissue in the body, whereas ASCs are generally limited in evolving into different cell types. Furthermore, methods of expanding ASCs in cell cultures have not yet been scientifically proven, while large numbers of ESCs can be relatively easily grown in a culture. In fact, several countries around the globe have already proven how ESCs are far easier and better to work with than ASCs, and these countries are using its most advanced scientists to further study the potential behind ESCs in order to create a more hopeful future for many.

Embryonic Stem Cell Research: A Global Perspective